Grant Funding Glossary — Part 2 (F to S)

Police Chief's Guide to Grant Funding

Police Chief’s Guide to Grant Funding

Last week, in our journey to better explain the complex maze that is Public Safety Grant Funding, we brought to you Part 1 of the Grant Funding Glossary (A-D).

In this second and concluding part, we cover the rest of the terms in the glossary (extracted from our Police Chief’s Guide to Grant Funding) to further demystify the world of law enforcement grant funding.

Federal Register is a daily compilation of Federal regulations and other Federal agency documents of public interest, which is prepared by the National Archives and Records Administration for public distribution by the Government Printing Office.

Funding priorities are a means of focusing a grant competition on the areas in which the Secretary is particularly interested in receiving applications. Priorities can be absolute, which the applicant must address in order to be considered for funding; competitive, which the applicant has the option of choosing whether or not to address and for which they may receive additional points, or invitational, which the applicant is encouraged but not required to address.

Grant application reviewer is an individual who serves the Department by reviewing new discretionary grant applications; also referred to as “field reader” or “peer reviewer.”

Grantee is an individual or organization that has been awarded financial assistance under one of the Department’s discretionary grant programs.

Grant Award Notification is an official document signed by the authorized official stating the amount and the terms and conditions of an award for a discretionary grant.

Human subject is defined as “a living individual about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual or obtains identifiable private information.”

Indirect costs are costs an organization incurs for common or joint objectives that cannot be readily and specifically identified with a particular grant project or other institutional activity.

Indirect cost rate is a percentage established by a Federal department or agency for a grantee organization, which the grantee uses in computing the dollar amount it charges to the grant to reimburse itself for indirect costs incurred in doing the work of the grant project.

Institutional Review Boards are authorized to approve, request modification in, or disapprove research activities and to conduct continuing reviews of the research activities at intervals appropriate to the degree of risk, but not less than once a year.

Program regulations implement legislation passed by Congress to authorize a specific grant program, and include applicant eligibility criteria, nature of activities funded, selection criteria under which applications will be selected for funding, and other relevant information.

Project period is the total amount of time during which the Department authorizes a grantee to complete the approved work of the project described in the application. Project periods of more than one year are divided into budget periods.

PR/Award number is the identifying number for a discretionary grant application (e.g., S184H001203), which is issued when the application is received by the Department’s Application Control Center.

Request for Proposals (RFP) is a general term for a funding solicitation that includes elements of the Application Notice and Application Package.

Research is defined as “a systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.” It includes activities that meet this definition, whether or not conducted under a program considered “research” for other purposes. For example, if an activity follows a deliberate plan whose purpose is to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge, such as an exploratory study or the collection of data to test a hypothesis, it is
research.

State Administrative Agency is an agency identified by each state’s governor as the party that is responsible for receiving and administering homeland security funding within the state. The SAA is typically the state’s department of emergency management or homeland security.

Here is Part 1 of the Grant Funding Glossary.

For the complete glossary and lots more useful information on the grant opportunities available to you, download the Police Chief’s Guide to Grant Funding 2013.

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